Muslim Brotherhood's Long-Standing War On The West; Part 3
10 June, 2007
- Last year, on July 30, Mohammed Mahdi Akef (Akif), the current "guide general" of the Muslim Brotherhood, spoke on Al Jazeera television. He warned the Egyptian government: "These ignorants who rule Egypt with force and with security agencies - I call upon them to fear Allah, to return to Allah, and to reach out to this people, which attributes power and honor to you. Otherwise, the people will soon trample you underfoot, Allah willing."
Akef also had harsh words for the West: "This American Satan claims to be a messenger of divine guidance. Divine guidance never commands anything but truth, justice, and freedom, things that have nothing to do with him. I salute all the honorable Americans who stand up to this Satan, who wants to set the entire world on fire, not just the Arab and Islamic nation. I go back to the issue of Jihad. Jihad is an individual duty incumbent upon every Muslim, male and female, if any inch of the land of Islam and the Muslims is occupied."
What constitutes a "land of Islam" is a disputed point. Members of the Muslim Brotherhood have rarely condemned situations where Islam is imposed forcibly upon people. The Muslim Brotherhood established itself in Sudan in 1949. In 1964, Hassan al-Turabi became the leader of the Sudanese branch of the Muslim Brotherhood. This individual, born in 1932, was highly educated, with a PhD in Law from the Sorbonne and a PhD in Law from the University of London.
It was in October of 1964, after being involved in the uprising against President Ibrahim Abboud that Hassan al-Turabi gained his position. He headed the Islamic Charter Front, a political arm of the Muslim Brotherhood, which wished to impose sharia law upon the country. Following the May, 1969 coup by the Soviet-supported dictator Jafaa Numeiri, members of the Islamic Charter Front/Muslim Brotherhood were jailed. Turabi spent six years in jail and then fled to Libya for three years. From 1969 to 1985, the group called itself the Muslim Brotherhood, acknowledging its roots in the Egyptian movement.
In 1979 Turabi was reconciled with Numeiri and became Sudan's attorney general. In 1985, Turabi was fired, and tried for sedition with other Muslim Brotherhood members. When Numeiri left Sudan on a trip to the US, on April 6, 1985 his chief of staff, Lieutenant General Suwar al-Dhahab, a member of the Muslim Brotherhood, mounted a coup. Turabi reorganized the Sudanese Brotherhood, calling it the National Islamic Front (NIF), and became attorney general and justice minister in 1988. In 1989 he was additionally appointed deputy prime minister, but was made to resign his positions when his NIF party refused to sign a peace deal with non-Muslim rebels in the south.
In 1989 a group of officers influenced by the NIF staged a coup, placing Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir into power, where he remains today. Bashir jailed Turabi briefly, but he was released and helped Bashir meld Sudan's laws to comply with Islam. Between 1989 and 1991, Sharia law was made compulsory for all, including 10 million non-Muslims in the south. This action led to the civil war with the south to escalate over two decades until June 6, 2005, when a new constitution was agreed. Pluralism and the rights of individuals to have religious differences were acknowledged for the first time since 1989.
Turabi fell out with Bashir in 1999, but his influence in imposing Islam upon non-Muslims cost the lives of 2 million people. In 1990 Carlos the Jackal (now a Muslim convert) was given shelter in Sudan for four years. In 1991, Turabi gave shelter to Osama bin Laden for five years. He maintains that bin Laden was only a "businessman" and not a terrorist. The Arab-led government of Bashir is still engaged in the slaughter of no-Arab Muslims in Darfur in the West. As Robert Poole recently wrote: "Thus the Muslim Brotherhood in Sudan is responsible for the greatest acts of genocide seen since the Holocaust."
The way the Muslim Brotherhood in Sudan denied rights to non-Muslims when allowed to wield power, and employed undemocratic means to gain that power, should be a warning to those who maintain that the Muslim Brotherhood is "moderate".
Graduates of Terror
The Muslim Brotherhood, which from 1948 until the 1970s engaged in assassinations and terrorism in Egypt, has indoctrinated many who went on to commit acts of terror. Ayman al-Zawahiri, who joined the Brotherhood as a teenager, was mentioned in part two. In March 1995 Zawahiri and two leaders of Gamaa Islamiya met Hassan al-Turabi in Khartoum, Sudan, to discuss a plot to kill Egypt's President Hosni Mubarak. At this time, Zawahiri was based in Geneva, where his terror group Islamic Jihad operated from a Muslim Brotherhood mosque. In 1995, according to Yossef Bodansky, the Muslim Brotherhood allied itself with groups inside Saudi Arabia who wished to overthrow the Saudi monarchical system, even though its primary aim was to topple the Egyptian government.
One could also mention Abdullah Azzam (1941 - 1989), author of the jihad manual In Defense of Muslim Lands, which in its printed editions carries an endorsement from Osama bin Laden. Azzam had been a member of the Palestinian Muslim Brotherhood, a mujahideen in Afghanistan, and was reputed to have assisted in the creation of Hamas.
Mohammed Jamal Khalifa, bin Laden's brother-in-law, was a long term member of the Brotherhood, and set up financial fronts which were used to fund terrorist groups. Khalifa's associate, Syrian-born Ahmad al-Hamwi, was granted asylum in Australia in 1996 precisely because he was tied to the Muslim Brotherhood. It was thought that in Syria he would be tortured for being a Brotherhood member, so he was granted asylum. Al-Hamwi, also known as Omar Abu Omar, is suspected of involvement in the Operation Bojinka plot.
Operation Bojinka (from the Croat word for an explosion) was a plot devised by Ramzi Yousef which would have seen 11 US-bound planes from Asia being blown up by liquid explosives smuggled on board. The plot was discovered in 1995 when smoldering chemicals alerted Filipino authorities to an apartment in Manila. Computer disks and a notebook bearing Yousef's fingerprints revealed the plot information.
Yousef had carried out the first World Trade Center attack on February 29, 1993. A truck laden with explosives was driven into the car park beneath the WTC. When it blew up six people died, including a woman who was seven months pregnant, and 1,000 others suffered injuries. Yousef was convicted of the bombing on November 12, 1997 and received a 240 year prison sentence. Yousef had been a member of the Muslim Brotherhood at least since his time as an engineering student in Wales (he graduated in 1989).
Omar Abdel Rahman, spiritual leader of Gamaa Islamiya, was also connected to the conspiracy to bomb the World Trade Center. He was brought to the United States in 1990 under the sponsorship of Muslim Brotherhood members Mahmud Abouhalima, and Mustafa Shalabi. Abouhalima was given a 240 year sentence for his part in the WTC bombing.
Shalabi had founded the Al Kifah Refugee Center in Brooklyn, which shared the same building as the Al Farooq Mosque. This center was said to have raised funds and recruits for jihad in Afghanistan, and had assets worth $2 million. Omar Abdel Rahman wanted to take over the center to raise funds for jihad in Egypt. When Shalabi objected, he was murdered.
Rahman denied conspiring to attack the WTC. He had been arrested in July, 1993, and was convicted in October 1995 of seditious conspiracy. He had planned attacks upon various New York landmarks, including the United Nations, the Lincoln and Holland tunnels and the George Washington Bridge. He was jailed for life.
Swiss Banking And Terrorism Financing
Hassan al-Banna's eldest daughter was Wafa al-Banna. She married Said Ramadan, a prominent figure in the Muslim Brotherhood. When Ramadan was expelled by Nasser, he fled first to Saudi Arabia, where he would help to found the World Muslim League in 1962. This organization promotes Wahhabism and is funded by the Saudi establishment. Said Ramadan had stayed in Pakistan in the 1950s, and he had established the Islamische Gemeinschaft in Deutschland e.V., (IGD) in Munich, Germany. This institution concerns itself with building mosques. Ramadan and his wife settled in Switzerland in 1961 where, with some Pakistani scholars, he founded the Geneva Islamic Center in the same year.
Jean-Charles Brissard, an expert in terrorism financing, states that Said Ramadan continued to head the IGD in Munich until 1968. From 1973 to 2002 the IGD was controlled by Ali Ghaleb Himmat, another Muslim Brotherhood member.
French journalist Richard Labeviere, author of Dollars for Terror maintains that Ramadan moved to Switzerland to coordinate Muslim Brotherhood activities with those of the Nazi sympathizer and banker Francois Genoud (1915 - 1996). This man had started the Arab commercial bank in Geneva in 1958 and was a supporter Islamic militancy.
Labeviere has also suggested that Geneva was where the Muslim Brotherhood chose to launch its plans for global expansion. Switzerland's Secret Service has long maintained that the Geneva Islamic Center has been used to train terrorists from Algeria and Afghanistan.
The Islamic Center in Rue des Eaux Vives, Geneva contains a large mosque, a cultural center, a school and a lecture hall. In 1977, it was revealed that this mosque was funded by the Muslim World League. Following its official inauguration by Saudi King Kahled Bin Abdulaziz, it now annually receives $5,066,130 from the Saudi establishment. It is now headed by Said Ramadan's son Hani, who in 2002 was fired as a public school teacher for defending the Sharia practice of stoning adulterous women to death.
The Geneva center has been linked with the establishment of a Muslim Brotherhood bank, called the Al Taqwa bank, in 1988. This funded terrorist enterprises. According to a 2003 US Treasury report (p. 71): "Terrorist use of online banking services is facilitated in part by banks that have terrorist ties. For instance, Al-Taqwa Bank, founded by the Muslim Brotherhood in the Bahamas in 1988, maintained branches in Algeria, Liechtenstein, Italy, Malta, Panama, and Switzerland, and provided banking services to al-Qaeda and HAMAS until it was shut down by sanctions in the wake of September 11, 2001."
The establishment of this Muslim Brotherhood bank also reflects the Brotherhood's support for Nazism. One man who became converted to Islam at the Geneva Islamic Center shortly after it was founded was Albert Friedrich Armand Huber, aka Ahmed Huber. He went to Egypt. After World War II, many Nazis were assisted to live in Egypt, including Nazi propagandist Johannes von Leers (1902 - 1965), who would work as a propagandist for Nasser. In Egypt, Ahmed Huber met and befriended Leers, absorbing his anti-Semitic rhetoric, and he also met the anti-Semitic former Mufti, Ayman al-Husseini.
In the 1970s Ahmed Huber left the Brotherhood and entered Swiss leftist politics. He returned to the fold of the Brotherhood and established the Al Taqwa (Fear of God)Bank in 1988 with two other Muslim Brotherhood members - Youssef Moustafa Nada and Ali Ghaleb Himmat. Another individual who was implicitly involved in the affairs of the Al Taqwa bank was Ahmed Idris Nasreddin.
The US Treasury noted in August 29, 2002, when it froze the assets of Youssef Moustafa Nada and Ali Ghaleb Himmat and 23 other terror financiers: "Bank Al Taqwa, for which Nasreddin is a director, was established in 1988 with significant backing from the Muslim Brotherhood. They have been involved in financing radical groups such as the Palestinian Hamas, Algeria's Islamic Salvation Front and Armed Islamic Group, Tunisia's An-Nahda, and Usama bin Laden and his Al Qaida organization. Bank Al Taqwa was established in the Bahamas and is a close affiliate of the Al Taqwa Management Organization, which changed its name in the spring of 2000 to the Nada Management Organization. In 1997, it was reported that the $60 million collected annually for Hamas was moved to Bank Al Taqwa accounts. As of October 2000, Bank Al Taqwa appeared to be providing a clandestine line of credit to a close associate of Usama bin Laden and as of late September 2001, Usama bin Laden and his Al Qaida organization received financial assistance from Youssef M. Nada."
The individuals Nada, Gimmet and Huber were designated by the United States on November 7, 2001 and by the United Nations on November 9, 2001. Nasreddin was designated by the G7 on April 19, 2002, and by the United Nations on April 24, 2002. The Al Taqwa bank was designated by the US on November 7, 2001, and by the United Nations on November 9, 2001.
Said Ramadan had died in 1995, so whether he had direct involvement in activities of the Al Taqwa Bank and its associate companies is unclear. Jean Charles Brissard noted that the names of his two sons Hani and Tariq Ramadan appeared in an Al Taqwa Bank phonebook.
Said Ramadan is suspected to be the author of a ground plan of how to take control of a nation. This plan, called "The Project", was found in the Swiss home of Youssef Moustafa Nada. When questioned by Swiss investigators, he denied knowing who had written it, and suggested it was an item that he should have "thrown away".
The document was written in December 1982, and for almost 20 years had remained in Nada's home until its discovery. The Project sets out 12 "points of departure". These are suggestions for a national and global plan of dominance, with each point of departure broken down and qualified with "elements", "procedures" and "suggested missions". It instructs members of the Brotherhood "To channel thought, education and action in order to establish an Islamic power on the earth."
For "point of departure 5", a suggested mission is "To work within various influential institutions and use them in the service of Islam." The eleventh point of departure is "To adopt the Palestinian cause as part of a worldwide Islamic plan, with the policy plan and by means of jihad, since it acts as the keystone of the renaissance of the Arab world today." A "suggested mission" for the 11th point of departure is "To nourish a sentiment of rancor with respect to the Jews and refuse all coexistence."
Dr Rachel Ehrenfeld (author of Funding Evil; How Terrorism is Financed-and How to Stop It) and Alyssa A. Lappen of the American Center for Democracy have written extensively on the threat posed by the so-called "moderate" Muslim Brotherhood. They state: "The MB, which is illegal in Egypt, Libya and Syria, operates in at least 70 countries. It is busy preparing the ground to establish Islamic global dominance, successfully using Western democracy to legally inject itself into the political process, while using the free media to portray the Brothers as reformers and protesting any attempt to limit their subversive activities."
The Muslim Brotherhood already has footholds in several European countries. In Britain, the group is represented by the Muslim Association of Britain (MAB). This was founded by Kamal Tawfik el Helbawy, the Muslim Brotherhood's European spokesman, in 1997. As is typical for a MB group, it claims to be moderate. Despite this, one of its senior figures is Mohammed Sawalha, who was a Hamas fundraiser, known in the West Bank by his code name Abu Abada. Azzam al-Tamimi, the Muslim Association for Britain's main spokesman, has openly stated that he would willingly become a suicide bomber against Israelis.
With no sense of irony nor shame, the MAB have complained that the treatment of Muslims in Britain is comparable to the treatment of Jews under Hitler. The Muslim Brotherhood has numerous Nazi links, and its own "spiritual leader" Yusuf al-Qaradawi approves of the killing of Israeli civilians.
The leftist mayor of London, Ken Livingstone, welcomed Qaradawi to his city in 2004, and in 2005 made the bizarre comparison of this "spiritual leader" to Pope John XXIII, who convened the Second Vatican Council. Livingstone has always been politically regarded as a caricature figure, but the sad truth is that while the Muslim Brotherhood has smuggled itself into Europe and America under various disguises, many serious politicians have been trying to make alliances with the MB.
In Part Four, I will show how the Muslim Brotherhood is courted by politicians, and by which parties. I will also trace the many camouflaged enterprises of the MB that have already sprung up like toadstools in the heartland of America, the vanguard in the Brotherhood's strategy of domination.
Adrian Morgan is a
British based writer and artist who regularly contributes in
Family Security Matters. His essays also appear in
Spero News and