Islam Under Scrutiny by Ex-Muslims

Articles, Comments

Should Every Muslim Emulate Prophet Muhammad as Their Model?

The Prophet of Islam was a most compassionate and most merciful human being without any trace of doubt! And this is the most fundamental belief of 95% devout innocent Muslims of the world. The assertion by Qur’an confirms it even further: “Wammaa arsalnaaka illaa rahmatal lil- aalameen! (21:107).” [O Muhammad We sent you not, but as a mercy for all creature.” Allah asserted in clear words—He created Prophet Muhammad as the mercy for not only just Muslims, but for all the creatures of the earth. Prophet of Islam was the true example of a perfect (having all the best qualities) human being and Qur’an ordered all human being to emulate this prophet ‘in Toto’ without any failure.

All Muslims are required to accept and adhere to all of the teachings of Prophet Muhammad. Allah told Muslims in the Qur’an-(8:24): “O you who believe! Answer Allah (by obeying Him) and As His Messenger (obeying him) when he calls you to that which will give you life.”  Therefore, pious Muslims should follow Prophet Muhammad in every aspect of earthly life. Well, these are only a few examples of instructions from Almighty Allah that I have mentioned above.  But one could find many more Qur’anic verses and Hadiths, which will instruct all most the same order again and again.

Upon the above Quranic dictum all pure Muslims truly believe that Prophet Muhammad was the sacred model to emulate by not only by all Muslims but entire mankind. They honestly and sincerely believe in their hearts that Prophet Muhammad never did anything which is wrong or immoral by the civilized standards; hence every good human being should follow the Islamic prophet as the model on earth and they readily call it as the Islamic Code of life. Let us examine if the Prophet of Islam was really a perfect model or code of life (to be followed by mankind) as per some available historical evidences below: 

A. Prophet Muhammad’s Personal life

According to Islamic code of “Shariah law” (which is the nucleus of the Islamic Code of life) Muslim girls mature at the age of 9 (Nine); that is at the age of 9 a Muslim girl can be lawfully wedded. Why? Because, Prophet Muhammad married Hazrat A’isha when she was only six (6) year old baby girl and Prophet slept with her when she was Nine (9) year old. Today, in this civilized world, anybody could be labeled as a pure pedophile if he marries a girl of 6 or, even 9 year old girl. But surprisingly, this utter pedophilic behavior of Prophet Muhammad was no problem with the Muslims of all varieties (Pure mullahs, general gullible or even highly western educated) and not only that, these Islamic zombies take this ridiculous example of Prophet Muhammad as the divine model for all Muslims to emulate. 

Here are some sahih hadiths to support Prophet Muhammad’s pedophilic wedding with Hazrat A’isha which was never disputed at all by any gullible Muslims, western educated Muslims or pure Mullahs. 

About Aisha’s age: History as per Sahih Hadiths from the source of Hazrat Aisha Bint Abu Bakr:  

(a) `A´isha Bint Abu Bakr was Prophet Muhammad's third wife. `A´isha herself narrated, "The Messenger of God married me in Shawwal in the tenth year after of his prophet hood, three years before the Migration as I was six years old. I was nine years old when he consummated the marriage with me.  

(b) Ibn Hisham narrated that, "Muhammad (pbuh) married Aisha Bint Abu Bakr when she was seven years old and consummated the marriage with her when they were in Medina when she was nine years old (Sahih Hadiths)".  

(c) Another Sahih Bukhari Hadith: Hazrat Aisha (RA) narrated, "when Prophet (pbuh) married me I was only six year old at that time. After that we traveled to Medina where I got sick and my hairs were shed due to fever. After I got rid of my sickness my hairs were grown back again. One day while I was playing with my friends in a swing-sets (dolnas) I was called on my mother and when I reached to her she (Mother) held my hand and took me to the door. At that time I was breathing rapidly because I was still tired of swinging with my friends. And I did not understand why I was called here. Then, my mother took me to a room where I saw three helping maids (ansars) who immediately decorated me and handed me over to the Prophet (pbuh), and they left the room. At that time I was only nine- year old. Prophet (pbuh) consummated our marriage that day".  

(d) Sahih Bukhari hadith: According to Muaallah Ibn Ashad, Hazrat Aisha narrated: "when I (Aisha) asked why he married me? Messenger of Allah said, I saw you in dream twice. I saw (in a dream) you are covered by a silk chaddar and Angel Gabriel told me, here is your wife'. When I removed the silk-chaddar I found you were the woman under the silk chaddar. After that I (Messenger of Allah) said to Angel Gabriel, if this is the wish of Allah then it is of course shall be fulfilled."  

In the quest of rationalizing Prophet Muhammad's marriage to A'isha some apologists like to claim that: "It was Hazrat Abu Bakr who insisted the Prophet to have a permanent relationship in the history of Muslims through his daughter."  

In this essay, let us examine what the history actually tells us, and how Hazrat A'isha Bint Abu Bakr was married with the Prophet:

Sahih Bukhari Hadith: Uroowaa (ra) narrated, “Nabi Karim (Prophet Muhammad) himself proposed to marry Aisha Bint Abu Bakr while Aisha was only six year old girl. Then, Abu Bakr said, O Messenger of God, I am your brother, how can you marry my daughter?' On reply Nabi karim (sa) said, you are my brother only in the religion. Therefore, Ai'sha is halal for me to marry".

Sahih Bukhari Hadith: There is another tradition by `Atiyya (ra): "The Messenger of God proposed to marry `A´isha Bint Abu Bakr while she was a little girl. Abu Bakr said, 'O Messenger of God, can a man marry his brother's daughter?' Muhammad replied, 'You are my brother in my religion.’  Poor Abu Bakr (ra) had no other choice but to accept the proposal and sacrifice his little girl of six in exchange of the chattel of a house, fifty [dirhams] worth, or so.  

Recent (2004) comments by Shaikh ibn Baz who was the Grand Mufti of Saudi Arabia - i.e. the top scholar of Islam:

“I advise the young ladies not to refuse a man because of his older age. Even if he be ten, twenty or thirty years older, this is not a valid excuse. THE PROPHET (PEACE BE UPON HIM) MARRIED AISHA WHEN HE WAS FIFTY-THREE YEARS OLD AND SHE WAS NINE YEARS OLD. Older age is not harmful. There is no problem if the woman is older than the man and there is no problem if the man is older than the woman. The Prophet (peace be upon him) married Khadijah when she was forty years old and he was twenty-five years old, before he received his first revelation. That is, she was fifteen years older than him (may Allah be pleased with her). AND AISHA WAS MARRIED WHEN SHE WAS A YOUNG LADY OF SIX OR SEVEN YEARS AND THE PROPHET (PEACE BE UPON HIM) CONSUMMATED THE MARRIAGE WHEN SHE WAS NINE YEARS OLD AND HE WAS FIFTY-THREE YEARS OLD.  Many of those who talk on the radio or television and speak against having disparaging ages between husband and wife are wrong. It is not permissible for them to say such things. Instead, what must be done, is the woman must look at the prospective husband and, if he be pious and appropriate, she must agree to him even if he is older than her. Similarly, the man must try to marry a woman who is pious and virtuous, even if she is older than him, especially if she is still less than mid life. In any case, age should not be taken as an excuse. It should also not be considered a shortcoming, as long as the man is pious or the woman is pious. May Allah make the affairs good for everyone!” 

We understand from early hadiths that Prophet Muhammad had a special inclination to women. For example, he said, "Two things of this world I cherish: women and perfume, prayer being the comfort of my eye.  Al-Hasan al-Basri narrated: The Messenger of God said, "The only two things I cherish of the life of this world are women and perfume. 

The same thing has been narrated by Hazrat `A´isha in different versions: "The Prophet of God liked three things of this world: Perfume, women, and food; he had the [first] two, but missed food (Sahih Bukhari)."

Prophet Muhammad's Wives (polygamous behaviour) in the Order in Which They Were Married to Him (According to the books of Al-sira):

1.  Khadija Bint Khuwailid: Muhammad's first wife. He married her in 595 A.D. (25 years before the Migration);   she died three years before the Migration and ten years after he claimed prophet hood.  

2.  Sawda Bint Zam`a: Muhammad married her in the month of Ramadan ten years after he claimed prophethood, after the death of Khadija and before he married `A´isha, or some months before the Migration, depending on the sources. Opinions agree that she was Muhammad's second wife. Yet the question is whether he slept with `A´isha first or Sawda. Some believe that he married `A´isha first, but had intercourse with Sawda first, as `A´isha was too young. 

 3.  A´isha Bint Abu Bakr: Muhammad married her in the month of Shawwal, three years before the Migration, ten years after he claimed prophet hood, according to the tradition of `A´isha herself.  He had intercourse with her in the month of Shawwal, eight months after the Migration. She was nine years old at that time and the only virgin among Muhammad's wives. Aisha was eighteen years old when the Prophet died. 

 4.  Hafsa Bint `Umar: The Messenger of God married her in the month of Sha`ban, 31 months after the Migration,  or in the third year after the Migration, or one month or two before Uhud. 

 5. Zainab Bint Khuzaima: Her husband died in the battle of Uhud, so Muhammad married her.  This was 31 months after the Migration. 

6.  Ummu Salama: One tradition says that Muhammad married her three years before the Khandaq raid, in the sixth year after the Migration and the wedding was performed in Shawwal four years after the Migration, or three years after Badr. 

 7.  Zainab Bint Jahsh: It is not possible to determine when Muhammad married her. It was either in Dsu al-Qa`da or Sha`ban in year 5 or 3 A.H. Zainab Bint Jahsh was a beautiful women and the wife of Prophet Muhammad’s adopted son Zaid. Her marriage with Prophet Muhammad seemingly caused quite a scandal in the Muslim community as this was looked upon as incest (the wife of the son). Therefore, it was necessary for Allah to intervene (from the heaven) with Quranic verses which exonerated Muhammad for his action.  Quran-33:37: “We joined her (Zainab) in marriage to thee; in order that (in future) there may be no difficulty to the Believers in (the matter of) marriage with the wives of their adopted sons, when the latter have dissolved with the necessary formality with them. And Allah’s command must be fulfilled.” 

In this verse (Sura: 33:37) Allah stated a particular purpose of this revelation and action of Prophet. It was not for himself (Prophet), but it was for the future of the Muslim community, so that in future there may not be a problem if anybody wants to marry the divorced wife of his adopted son. Quranic verse of the curtain was revealed after Prophet Muhammad married Zainab Bint Jahsh. 

 8. Juwairiyya Bint al-Harith: She was taken captive during the raid of Banu al-Mustaliq and was part of the spoils. No one knows when this battle took place exactly. So the dates given for her marriage to Muhammad are the fifth or the sixth year after the Migration. Ibn Hisham claims that Muhammad bought her from Thabit Ibn Qais, set her free, and later married her. 

 9. Safiyya Bint Huyay: She was among the spoils (Gani-Mater Maal) of Khaibar (one of the famous Jewish tribes), which was conquered in the sixth year A.H., and was chosen for Muhammad. When the Messenger of Allah raided Khaibar, and Allah gave him their possessions as booty, he (Prophet) chosen Safiyya Bint Huyay and one of her cousins from al-Qumus. The Prophet offered her freedom if she chose Allah and His messenger, so she surrendered (adopted Islam), was freed by him, was married to him and her dowry was her freedom. In that war, Safiyya’s father and her newly wed husband along with all other relatives were killed. 

According to Bukhari (vol.2:68 and vol.4:143,280 and al-Tabari vol.39 p.185) Safiya/Safiyya/Saffiya bint Huyai/Huyayy was a captive Mohammed married after slaughtering her father, brother, newly-wed husband and the men at Khaibar. 

10.  Ummu Habiba: Stories say that the Negus of Ethiopia gave her to Muhammad as a wife.  

11.  Maria, the Copt: al-Muqawqas, king of Egypt, sent four female slaves to Muhammad and Maria was one of them. She reached Medina in the seventh year after the Migration. Only Khadija and Maria gave birth to male children among all of Muhammad's wives.  

12.  Maimuna Bint al-Harith: Muhammad married her in the seventh year after the Umra of al-Qadha. She was the last one the Messenger of God married. 

13.  Rayhana: She was not of the "mothers of the believers, "in spite of her respectable position in the house of Muhammad. When the Prophet attacked Banu Qurayza, he took her captive since it was necessary for him to have a selection of each (Gani-mater maal) spoil.  Muhammad offered her Islam but she refused. Yet it is said that she espoused Islam later.  

In spite of the fact that the sources provide us with contradictory information about the number of Prophet Muhammad's wives, we can still say that they were thirteen women, plus Maria the beautiful Coptic slave girl donated by the Christian ruler of Egypt and many other concubines. Muhammad married these various women and lived with them for a certain period of time.  Apart from these, there were twelve or thirteen more women that Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) married, but with whom he did not spend a long period of time. There are still other women that he married, but with whom he never consummated his marriage, plus the one who bestowed herself upon him. It is said, that Prophet Muhammad married a total of twenty eight (28) women. 

Islamic apologists usually bring some ludicrous logic and justification to defend Prophet Muhammad’s sexual/polygamous adventures, and they mostly fail to bring any prudent scriptural supports in favor of their assertion. We are dealing with the history of more than thousand years old and nobody among us was present there at the time of these happenings. Therefore, to claim something about any happenings in the 6th or 7th Century, we need to cite references. In this business of Islam, we need support from: Quran, Hadiths and various books/biographies written by Islamic scholars. History always consists of two sides—positive and negative sides. We should judge both sides of the history to know the actual truth. 

Most apologists usually blame authors (who brought untold stories of Islam on the discussion) by saying: (a) Lack of knowledge/ignorance, (b) Misinterpretation or mistranslation of scriptures or by (c) Some lame excuses, such as the Prophet had to marry due to political reasons and not for sex, he was forced to marry, or simply wanted to rescue widows etc. 

Well, we got to believe this ludicrous logic that; if some one wants to help any widow then he must marry her to render his help to her! What a simplistic logic and shameful arguments by some Islamic apologists! That means, if President Bush wants to help some widows—he should first marry them all! Is it not a fantastic idea? To help all the widows of America—President Bush will need to build thousands of giant-sized Harems throughout the entire state of Texas. I wonder, was it possible that there were only 7 or 8 widows (whom Prophet Muhammad married) in the 7th century Arabia? What a hilarious logic! 

There are sahih Hadiths available today to prove clearly that Prophet Muhammad married many women for his personal lusts and had sex daily with most of his wives who stayed with him. Bellow are some Islamic gems from sahih Hadiths: 

(a) Sahih Bukhari Hadith: Katadha'ha said, Hazrat Anash Ibn Malek (ra) narrated, "Nabi Karim (pbuh) used to have sex with all his wives in the same night. At that time, the Holy Prophet had eleven wives".

(b) Sahi Bukhari: Aisha used to scent Muhammed to have intercourse with other wives...1.5.270; Volume 1, Book 5, Number 270:  Narrated Muhammad bin Al-Muntathir:  on the authority of his father that he had asked 'Aisha about the saying of Ibn 'Umar (i.e. he did not like to be a Muhrim while the smell of scent was still coming from his body). 'Aisha said, "I scented Allah's Apostle and he went round (had sexual intercourse with) all his wives, and in the morning he was Muhrim (after taking a bath)." 

Other numerous Sahih Hadiths: In the Bukhari Sharif (recently translated in Bengali) there are hadiths (dealing sexual life of Prophet) which could surprise all readers, but to keep this essay reasonably short, I am not going to describe them in this article. In those Sahih hadiths: one can learn how Prophet Muhammad encouraged his disciples to marry (young) virgin girls ; fact that, Prophet Muhammad was having sexual strength equal to 50 or (according to some) 100 man ; Or. How Angel Gabriel brought from heaven a "miraculous-drink" for Prophet Muhammad, which made him so strong in sexual power, etc. etc. We can find more interesting untold story by careful delving of those existing Sahih Hadiths.

The above sahi Bukhari hadiths have clearly disproved what most Islamic apologists/scholars often try to portray with their futile attempt of deception again and again. We should declare fatwa for those Islamists who intentionally and deliberately try to distorting the real history of Islam!

B. The issue of Marrying adopted son’s wife

Prophet Muhammad fell in love with Zainab (actual history of this scandalous marriage--Critical (Orientalist) version) daughter of Jahsh, while she was the wife of Zayd bin Harithah, his own adopted son. Once, when he passed by the house of Zayd in the latter's absence, he was met by Zainab wearing clothes which exposed her beauty. Muhammad's heart was inflamed. It is reported that when his eyes fell upon her, he exclaimed, "Praise be to God who changes the hearts of men" and he repeated this expression at the time of his departure from her home. Zainab heard him say this and noticed desire in his eye. Zainab proudly reported this happening to her husband. Zayd immediately went to see the Prophet and offered to divorce his wife. Muhammad answered, "Hold to your wife and fear God." Thereafter, Zainab was no longer a docile wife and Zayd had to divorce her. Prophet Muhammad married Zainab Bint Jahsh who was his daughter-in-law. That was definitely taboo in pre-Islamic Arabia, and the Prophet of Islam lifted this taboo in order to satisfy his own lust and fulfill his own desire. They also relate that when Muhammad saw her she was half-naked, that her fine black hair was covering half of her body, and that every curve of her body was full of desire and passion. Others relate that when Muhammad opened the door of the house of Zayd the breeze played with the curtains of the room of Zainab, thus permitting Muhammad to catch a glimpse of her stretched out on her mattress in a nightgown.”

Help from Allah

Immediately after this scandal of Prophet Muhammad marrying his adopted son’s wife Merciful Allah did not delay to jump on the business of helping out His favorite prophet. Allah’s Oohi (revelation) started to arrive with some necessary Quranic verses: 

 (Sura al-Ahzab 33:40): "Muhammad is not the father of any of your men, but [he is] God's Messenger and the Seal of the Prophets. God is Aware of everything!" 

(Sura al-Ahzab 33:37): "We married her off to you so that there would be no objection for believers in respect to their adopted sons' wives once they have accomplished their purpose with them. God's command must be done!" 

There is a considerable moral problem with such a self-serving revelation. It is quite clear that Prophet Muhammad was attracted to Zainab before Zaid divorced her and it might well have been the true reason for the divorce itself. And Qur'anic verses do make clear that there was something going on before Zaid divorced Zainab. Is it anyway a respectful or ethical practice to marry the adopted son’s wife? Allah’s interference in such an un-ethical/immoral practice of Prophet Muhammad was indeed ridiculous to say the least. 

Islamic apologists will try to bring weird logic that Allah wanted to abolish the practice of adoption. Is adoption a bad practice? Why Allah does not like such a universal noble practice? Is it really very bad or harmful if an adopted son is given equal status of a real biological son? Is it really immoral or unethical by any standard? If I want to give my adopted son equal rights just like my biological son then where is the problem? This is utterly nonsense! This mentality of Allah and Prophet Muhammad reminds me the famous ‘Fox-tail’ story. Readers perhaps remember the story of that wicked fox that lost his tail while stealing a chicken from the farmer’s house. After loosing his own tail the cunning fox came to his peers to advise that everybody should cut their tail since the tail is so ugly looking. Likewise, as because Prophet had to marry Zaynab (by any means) to satisfy his own lust; therefore Allah poked His holy nose with a noble idea (?) that adoption should be prohibited. What a merciful Allah! 

The ridiculous melodrama: Zaid's divorce of Zainab, Muhammad's marriage with Zainab and subsequent revelations of several Qur'anic Ayats from Allah to purify this scandalous happening is something to ponder very seriously. To summarize, the logical difficulty is that Allah (?) or Muhammad himself causes a scandal and then Allah sends Gabriel to officially justify the scandalous action of Prophet Muhammad with Qur'anic revelations is ridiculous, morally incorrect and too much of a coincidence. No wonder why Muhammad’s youngest wife Aisha once teasingly said: “You (Prophet) are so lucky that every time you are in a mess Allah immediately jumps on rescuing you from the mess.”

C. Prophet Muhammad’s Political life

From it’s inception the new religion “Islam” (created by Prophet Muhammad) had been the most violent political ideology spread throughout the Arabia and beyond in the garb of so called “peaceful religion” of Allah. Prophet Muhammad himself waged more than 100 battles (in many of them he participated himself) against non-Muslims (Arab Pagans, Christians, Jewish etc.) and out of 100 battles; only one (battle of trench) was defensive war. And the rests were offensive wars to conquer rival tribes or nations. Islamic Jihad (Holy war for the cause of Allah) was the ultimate inspiration to conquer, subjugate and convert peoples to Islam. Readers are suggested to read the master piece article: The Root of Islamic Terrorism a la Islamic style, written by Abul Kasem.

As there is no scope (in order to keep this essay within limit) to describe Prophet Muhammad’s entire 23 years of long political life, I would like to state very briefly that his political life was full of wars, political deceptions, plundering, pillages, murders, assassinations of opponents, beheadings kaffirs, massacres, and sacrilege of the dead to ‘delight the hearts of the believers’ were all practiced by Muhammad. His political life was full of killings (hundreds of thousands of people were slaughtered) and hatreds between his followers (Muslims) and non-Muslims (that includes infidels, pagans, Christians, Jews etc.) in the Arabian Peninsula. Even in his death-bed (the last sermon)—Prophet Muhammad asked his followers to make Arabian Peninsula completely free from all non-Muslims by any means. Saudi Arabia the cradle of Islam never allows practicing any other religion except Islam, even today! 

D. Prophet Muhammad’s Personal cruelty

Most gullible Muslims (almost 95% of Educated and illiterate Muslims) in general and 100% of Islamic Mullahs in particular do believe that Prophet Muhammad was most merciful, compassionate and honest human being who never committed any crime or cruelty at all. Let me ask the honorable readers: what is the definition of Merciful? Who should be called a Merciful? To me a person who killed just one human being in his entire life can not be called a Merciful, period. Am I correct? Suppose your father or your uncle killed one human being (does not matter if that person was a un-believer or a bad guy) in their entire life. Could you still call your father or uncle a Merciful or compassionate man? Certainly not!!! Anybody whose hands were stained with human blood can not be called merciful by any means. Now let us examine how much merciful was our Prophet Muhammad.

Some samples of Prophet Muhammad’s Merciful actions: 

Readers please consider if the following actions taken by the Prophet Muhammad was anyway ethical and merciful by civilized standard. The following are the historical events took placed during early period of Islamic propagation in Arabia: 

 (a) Names of the 8 persons sentenced to death by the Prophet on the victory day of Mecca.  Four of them were executed, four were pardoned. 



5.             AL-HUWAY RITH - KILLED.




[Above facts are from the historical records of Islamic scholars, and can be produced on request]

(b) Prophet Muhammad killed a human being of flesh and blood by his own noble hands:

Here is a masterpiece from Imam Shafi:

Page 599-600- Quote:- “Details concerning Jihad are found in the accounts of the military expeditions of the Prophet (SA), including his own martial forays and those on which he dispatched others. The former consists of the ones he personally attended, some twenty-seven (others say twenty-nine) of them. HE  FOUGHT  IN  EIGHT  OF THEM, AND  KILLED  ONLY  ONE  PERSON  WITH HIS  NOBLE  HAND,  UBAYY  IBN  KHALAF,  AT  THE  BATTLE  OF  UHUD.” (Reference: From- “RELIANCE OF THE TRAVELLER - A Classic Manual of Islamic Sacred Law” of Imam Shafi’, compiled by Ahmed Ibne Naqib, translated by Nuh Ha Mim Keller. The book contains 1234 pages and contains Al Azhar Islamic Research Academy’s statement as:- “WE CERTIFY THAT THE ABOVE MENTIONED TRANSLATION CORRESPONDS  TO  THE  ARABIC  ORIGINAL  AND  CONFORMS  TO  THE PRACTICE  AND  FAITH  OF  THE  ORTHODOX  SUNNI  COMMUNITY…….. THE  STAMPING OF  THE  PAGES  OF  THE   ABOVE  MENTIONED  WORK  WITH  THE  SEAL  OF  THE DEPARTMENT  HAS  BEEN  COMPLETED”.)

Story of the Abdullah bin Sa’d:

Abdullah bin Sa’d bin Sarh was a secretary of Prophet Muhammad. When Muhammad used to dictate to him the “revelations” he, being a lettered man, used to suggest better versions of the same revelation and Muhammad used to say yes that is okay you can write that. After a while he realized that it is all a sham. “How is it that Muhammad would prefer my Arabic to Allah’s”, he questioned. And that was the reason that he left Islam and fled to Mecca. When Muhammad conquered Mecca, he (Sa’d) was one of the people that Muhammad wanted dead despite the fact that he granted amnesty to all the Meccans. Meccans got amnesty because they surrendered without fight.  

Abdullah bin Sa’d sought the protection of Othman ibn Affan for he was his milk brother. Othman brought him to Muhammad and begged him to forgive Abdullah’s life. Muhammad was a cunning man. He did not want to displease Othman but at the same time he was not a person he would forgive one who had made fun of him and had unmasked his lies. So he remained silent for a long time and finally consented. When Othman took Abdullah home, Muhammad turned to his companions and complained why they did not jump to kill Abdullah. They said, “but you did not ask us to do that”. Muhammad replied “I did not want to displease Othman but I hoped that you read my mind and kill Abdullah”. When asked why he did not make a gesture, he said, “Messengers do not make gestures”.  

(c) Summary of the Assassinations happened by the direct request of Prophet Muhammad. Every item (below) can be substantiated by Sahi hadiths available today (to keep the essay within limit I did not include hadiths):

1) Ibn Sunayna, a Jewish man who was murdered because he was simply a Jew

2) Abu Afak, a 120-year-old man, murdered while he slept

3) Asma Marwan, mother of 5 children, murdered while she slept

4) A slave women, mother of two children, murdered while she slept

5) A one-eyed shepherd, murdered while he slept

6) A very old women, literally ripped in half by Muslims who captured her on a raid.

7) A slave girl, who was murdered because she poked fun at Muhammad.

8) Abdullah bin Ubayy who was killed by a Shabi whom the Prophet permitted to tell lie (“can I say something untrue, O Prophet?”….”Yes, you may say that for Allah’s cause”) to win his (Ubayy) confidence to become friend before killing.

        9) Ka’ab bin Ashraf who was killed in sleep. 

Many more people who suffered a similar fate can be added here. I choose not to list them here because of space limitations.

(d) Banu Qurayza's Massacre committed/supported by Merciful Prophet of Islam. Prophet Muhammad emphatically encouraged Muslims to kill defeated non-Muslims and to take women and children as booty (Ghani-maater maal).

Sahi Buchari Hadiths #143, page-700: Sulaiman Ibne Harb...Aannas Ibne Malek (ra) narrated,  "in the war of Khaiber after the inhabitants of Banu Qurayza was surrendered, Allah's apostle killed all the able/adult men, and he (prophet) took all women and children as captives (Ghani mateer maal).. Among the captives Safiyya Bint Huyy Akhtab was taken by Allah's Apostle as booty whom He married after freeing her and her freedom was her Mahr." 

Sahi Buchari Hadiths (#149, page-704): Ahmed Ibne Saleh...Annas Ibne Malek narrated, "....when we told Apostle of Allah about the paragon beauty of Safiya Bint Huyay (who was newly wed and the husband was killed in the battle), then Allah's Apostle sanctioned her for himself..." 

Above two Hadiths clearly and undoubtedly have confirmed at least two things: (1) Prophet killed all those surrendered unarmed Jews in cold blood (2) Prophet was attracted by Safiyya's alluring beauty and he had sex with her (It does not really matter much whether Prophet had sex with Safiyya after marriage or before marriage). 

Horrendous story of Banu- Qurayza massacre from "Sirat-A-Rasul" (page 464): 

"Then they surrendered, and the apostle confined them in Medina in the quarter of al-Harith, a woman of B. al-Najjar. Then the apostle went out to the market of Medina (which is still its market today) and dug trenches in it. Then he sent for them and struck off their heads in those trenches as they were brought out to him in batches. This went on until the apostle made an end of them. Among them was the enemy of Allah Huyayy b. Akhtab and Ka`b b. Asad their chief, and they were brought with their hands bound to their neck by a rope.

There were 600 or 700 in all, though some put the figure as high as 800 or 900.  Apparently Muhammad himself worked on the digging of the trench into which the massacred Jews were to be thrown. But he did not only take part in those preparations, the formulation of the text states that HE sent for them and STRUCK OFF their heads. This sounds like he personally struck off at least the heads of those two mentioned men and may be of more. We need to recognize that Muhammad got rid of a large group that was challenging his sole authority and power over Medina, and which was in particular refusing to believe him to a true prophet from God. The elimination of the challenge to his spiritual authority might well have been Muhammad's main motivation. However, Muhammad also had had huge spoils (Maal-E-Ganimat) from this "final solution".

Just one Sahi hadith that tells everything about mercifulness of our Prophet: 

Volume 8, Book 82, Number 797: Narrated Anas bin Malik:

A group of people from 'Ukl (or 'Uraina) tribe ----but I think he said that they were from 'Ukl came to Medina and (they became ill, so) the Prophet ordered them to go to the herd of (Milch) she-camels and told them to go out and drink the camels' urine and milk (as a medicine). So they went and drank it, and when they became healthy, they killed the shepherd and drove away the camels. This news reached the Prophet early in the morning, so he sent (some) men in their pursuit and they were captured and brought to the Prophet before midday. He ordered to cut off their hands and legs and their eyes to be branded with heated iron pieces and they were thrown at Al-Harra, and when they asked for water to drink, they were not given water. (Abu Qilaba said, "Those were the people who committed theft and murder and reverted to disbelief after being believers (Muslims), and fought against Allah and His Apostle").

E. Prophet Muhammad had sex with concubines and slave girls

Like any other ordinary man, leader, or king of the 7th century period, Prophet Muhammad also readily had sex with his slave girls or concubines he got as reward from other kings, or from war booty. These unethical sexual behaviors had been recorded in the Quranic verses, sahih hadiths and Islamic history.

Prophet’s zeal of having sex with captives owned from war booty:

Jewish young lady Shafiyya was captive (booty) from the battle of Khyber. Shafiyya was paragon beauty and was very young (in her teen) when she was forcibly married by Prophet Muhammad (after killing her all relatives including her newly married husband only to have sex with her same day in a hurry) in the caravan tent while returning to Medina. Shafiyya was first distributed (booty from the battle of Khyber)) to other Islamic soldiers, but when Prophet Muhammad heard about her paragon beauty then he took her for his wife. Reyhana was another very beautiful and young Jewish girl (Booty from Banu Quryza).  

Of course, Prophet of Islam had formidable license from Allah to have sex with slave girls and concubines. Below I am giving the readers some “Gems” from Holy Quran:  

(QURAN - 70:22-30): "Not so the worshippers, who are steadfast in prayer, who set aside a due portion of their wealth for the beggar and for the deprived, who truly believe in the Day of Reckoning and dread the punishment of their Lord (for none is secure from the punishment of their Lord); who restrain their carnal desire (save with their wives and their slave girls, for these are lawful to them: he that lusts after other than these is a transgressor..."

This verse very clearly stated that Quran allows Muslim men to have sex with their wives (of course) and their slave girls too. 

(QURAN - 23:5, 6): "...who restrain their carnal desires (except with their wives and slave girls, for these are lawful to them..."

Again, Quran allows Muslim men to have sexual relations with their wives and slave girls. 

(QURAN - 4:24): "And all married women are forbidden unto you save those captives whom your right hand possesses. It is a decree of Allah for you. (Muhammad Pickthall's English translation of the Quran).  

In this above verse Allah clearly says Muslims to have sex with captives (Booty from POWs) that they get from war booty.

(QURAN - 33:50):

"O Prophet, We have made lawful to you the wives whom you have granted dowries and the captive and slave girls whom God has given you as booty; and the daughters of your ’Amm (paternal uncles) and the daughters of your ’Ammah (paternal aunts) and the daughters of your Khâl (maternal uncles) and the daughters of your Khâlah (maternal aunts) who migrated (from Makkah) with you,…….” 

This above verse is for Prophet Muhammad only. Supposedly, Allah (SBT.) allows Prophet Muhammad to have sex with his slave girls he got from war booty and also can have sex with the daughters of his maternal uncles and paternal aunts.

The above verses are only a few I have mentioned out of numerous such verses scattered throughout the Quran. What could be more unethical matter than having sex with slave girls? Allah (SBT) graciously allowed Muslims to have sex with slave girls and captives from the war (POWs). Prophet Muhammad himself and his disciples routinely used to have sex with their slave girls. Besides having numerous wives, Prophet Muhammad had many concubines and slaves girls with whom he had sex. This fact can be supported by ahadiths, and by the book of “Sirat-A-Rasul" (life history of prophet). 

Many Middle Eastern Muslims countries still follows Quranic privilege of having sex with their slave girls. In Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and other Islamic paradises Arab Muslim masters are routinely having sex with their maids even today. Frequently we get to read many horrific cases of sex-scandals about maids in Saudi Arabia and elsewhere. Very recently we read the news of numerous (hundreds of) sex-scandals with Indonesian maids in Saudi Arabia. This is the Islamic privilege (Allah SBT so graciously sanctioned in the holy Quran) which is prevailing in the most Muslims countries even today?

F. Evidences that Prophet Muhammad lied with his wife Hafsa

The holy prophet Muhammad used to lie with his wives to save himself from the frequent sexual scandals he used to generate to fulfill his carnal desire. The story of Muhammad having sex with Mariyah in Hafsa'a bed is found in Muir's biography of Muhammad ('Life of Mahomet' by Sir William Muir which is absolutely based on authentic Islamic sources. Please refer to Vol.IV Ch.26 pp. 160-163). Also, I will give the readers some sahih Hadiths which will surprise the readers.

This immoral story was narrated like this:

One-day Muhammad goes to Hafsa’s house and upon setting gaze at her maid Mariyah, he finds her attractive and decides to get laid. He sends Hafsa to Omar’s house, telling her that her father wanted to see her (a lie). When Hafsa leaves, Muhammad takes Mariyah to bed and had intercourse with her. Meanwhile Hafsa, who finds out that her father was not expecting her, returns home much sooner than expected, and to her surprise finds her illustrious husband in bed with her maid.

She becomes hysteric and forgetting the station of the prophet she shouts and causes a scandal. The prophet pleads with her to calm down and promises not to sleep with Mariah again and forbade her also not to divulge that secret to others.

Hafsa would not control herself and relays everything to Ayisha who also turned against the prophet and jointly with his other wives caused him much anguish. So the prophet decides to punish all of them by not sleeping with them for one month. At this time he received a message from heaven (Sura- 66: At-Tahrim) not to separate himself from Mary. Then he chided Hafsa and other wives. He threatened to divorce all them for their insubordination and disloyalty. He then withdrew himself and went into seclusion for a whole month and lived alone with Mary.  

That of course would have been too much hardship for the beloved messenger of God. Therefore God in his mercy comes to the aid of his prophet and reveals the Surah At-Tahrim (Banning). In this Surah Allah gently rebukes Muhammad for being so hard on himself and for depriving himself from what he really likes and has been made lawful to him, in order to please his wives.  As usual, like the scandalous issue of marrying his adopted son’s wife, Merciful Allah was always ready to rescue him from all kinds of dangers. Allah (SWT) again extended his mighty hand to help his comrade Prophet Muhammad. He sent Quranic dictums to protect His comrade. The following is the text of this funny Surah: At-Tahrim: 1-5 (From Dr. Ali Sina’s essay “Immorality and lewdness”).

1. O Prophet! Why do you ban (for yourself) that which Allâh has made lawful to you, seeking to please your wives? And Allâh is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
2. Allâh has already ordained for you (O men), the dissolution of your oaths. And Allâh is your Maula (Lord, or Master, or Protector, etc.) and He is the All-Knower, the All-Wise.

3. And (remember) when the Prophet (SAW) disclosed a matter in confidence to one of his wives (Hafsah), so when she told it (to another i.e. 'Aishah), and Allâh made it known to him, he informed part thereof and left a part. Then when he told her (Hafsah) thereof, she said: "Who told you this?" He said: "The All-Knower, the All-Aware (Allâh) has told me".

4. If you two (wives of the Prophet SAW, namely 'Aishah and Hafsah) turn in repentance to Allâh, (it will be better for you), your hearts are indeed so inclined (to oppose what the Prophet SAW likes), but if you help one another against him (Muhammad SAW), then verily, Allâh is his Maula (Lord, or Master, or Protector, etc.), and Jibrael (Gabriel), and the righteous among the believers, and furthermore, the angels are his helpers.

5. It may be if he divorced you (all) that his Lord will give him instead of you, wives better than you, Muslims (who submit to Allâh), believers, obedient to Allâh, turning to Allâh in repentance, worshipping Allâh sincerely, fasting or emigrants (for Allâh's sake), previously married and virgins.

Although Muhammad gave his word to Hafsa, not to have sex with her maid, he could not resist the temptation. Especially now that he had taken another oath not to sleep with all of his wives. It was a difficult situation. On one hand he had to keep up his word or risk losing face and on the other he was not the kind of man that liked to deprive himself of pleasures. A solution had to be found and no one but Allah could help him. Well, nothing is impossible when you are the prophet of Allah. Leave everything in the hands of the Almighty and let him take care of it. And that is exactly what Muhammad did. Allah himself intervened and gave his favorite prophet the green light to follow his heart's desire. In the Surah Tahrim God licensed his beloved prophet to have his fling and not pay attention to his wives. What can a prophet ask more? Allah was so concerned about Muhammad's carnal pleasures that he even allowed all his followers to break their oaths as a bounty. Subhanillah. Isn't Allah great?

It is also worthy of mention that Muhammad who came to know that Hafsa did reveal the secret to Aisha, lied to her by pretending that it was Allah who told him so (verse 3) while he actually learned it from Aisha. In reaction to the above verses, Ayisha, who was not only young and pretty but also clever, is reported to have said to Muhammad, "Your God indeed rushes in coming to your aid!" 

Pickthall’s version of revelation of Surah At-Tahrim (The Meaning of the Glorious Koran, p. 405) was like this: “Hafsah {one of Muhammad’s many wives} found the Prophet in her room with Marya -- the Coptic girl – presented to him by the ruler of Egypt, who became the mother of his only male child, Ibrahim – on a day which custom had assigned to Ayesha. Moved by Hafsah’s distress, the Prophet vowed that he would have no more to do with Marya, and asked her not to tell Ayesha. But Hafsah’s distress had been largely feigned. No sooner had the Prophet gone than she told Ayesha with glee how easily she had got rid of Marya”.

Provoked by the clamoring of his wives, Muhammad vowed not to eat honey or to sleep with his slave-girl any more. I doubt if Muhammad had vowed not to eat honey, because it was not the smell of honey that, his wives alleged, was causing his bad breath (honey does not cause any bad smell), but the smell of Maghafir. Therefore, it would be logical for me to conclude that Muhammad had vowed either not to sleep with his slave-girls or not to drink Maghafir in order to pacify his agitated wives. Since Allah has made both sleeping with slave-girls (see 33: 50, et al) and drinking of Maghafir halal (permissible) for the Muslims, Allah challenged Muhammad, saying:  

يَا أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ لِمَ تُحَرِّمُ مَا أَحَلَّ اللَّهُ لَكَ تَبْتَغِي مَرْضَاتَ أَزْوَاجِكَ وَاللَّهُ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ 

“O Prophet! Why holdest thou to be forbidden that which Allah has made lawful to thee? Thou seekest to please thy consorts. But Allah is Oft-Forgiving, and Most Merciful” (Quran-66:1).  

On the above Quranic verse Prophet’s wife Hazrat Aisha remarked, "It seems to me that your Lord hastens to satisfy your desire." Sahih Muslim vol.2:3453-3454 p.748-749.

Some sahih Hadiths in support of this immoral incident:

Bukhari Volume 3, Book 43, Number 648:

Omar said, “The Prophet did not go to his wives because of the secret which Hafsa had disclosed to 'Aisha, and he said that he would not go to his wives for one month as he was angry with them when Allah admonished him (for his oath that he would not approach Mariyah).” 

This story must have been embarrassing for Muhammad’s followers even when they gobbled mindlessly everything he told them. So they made other hadiths to explain those verses of the Quran that were already explained by Omar (above hadith).  

Sahih Muslim Book 009, Number 3496:

'A'isha (Allah be pleased with her) narrated that Allah's Apostle (may peace be upon him) used to spend time with Zainab daughter of Jahsh and drank honey at her house. She ('A'isha further) said: I and Hafsa agreed that one whom Allah's Apostle (may peace be upon him) would visit first should say: I notice that you have an odour of the Maghafir (gum of mimosa). He (the Holy Prophet) visited one of them and she said to him like this, whereupon he said: I have taken honey in the house of Zainab bint Jabsh and I will never do it again. It was at this (that the above Quranic verses were revealed): 'Why do you hold to be forbidden what Allah has made lawful for you... (up to). If you both ('A'isha and Hafsa) turn to Allah" up to:" And when the Holy Prophet confided an information to one of his wives" (lxvi. 3). This refers to his saying: But I have taken honey.

The existence of the above Hadith and its difference with the one narrated by Omar reveals yet another fact that the companions of Muhammad were willing to lie, (as Muslims are lying today) to preserve the image of their prophet from blemish. Fact of the matter is above lies are nothing if we compare them with his biggest lie which is Allah talked with him (Muhammad) through Gabriel. His lie started with his message that Allah started to talk with him inside the cave Hira.  And to cover up his one big lie, Prophet Muhammad had to lie numerous times during his entire prophet hood. 

More Sahi hadith will support the episode described above

 This Sahi Hadis is from Tirmizi hadiths:  Background to 66.4 and 33:28 --- Muhammad did not see his wives for a month; he slept with Mariyah in the bed of Hafsa while lied to Hafsa that Umar wanted to see Hafsar...3.43.651

This hadis is very lengthy. I am quoting only the relevant part:

[.................... 'Umar told the whole story (about his wife). "On that the Prophet smiled." 'Umar further said, "I then said, 'I went to Hafsa and said to her: Do not be tempted to imitate your companion ('Aisha) for she is more beautiful than you and more beloved to the Prophet.' The Prophet smiled again. When I saw him smiling, I sat down and cast a glance at the room, and by Allah, I couldn't see anything of importance but three hides. I said (to Allah's Apostle) "Invoke Allah to make your followers prosperous for the Persians and the Byzantines have been made prosperous and given worldly luxuries, though they do not worship Allah?' The Prophet was leaning then (and on hearing my speech he sat straight) and said, 'O Ibn Al-Khatttab! Do you have any doubt (that the Hereafter is better than this world)? These people have been given rewards of their good deeds in this world only.' I asked the Prophet. 'Please ask Allah's forgiveness for me. The Prophet did not go to his wives because of the secret which Hafsa had disclosed to 'Aisha, and he said that he would not go to his wives for one month as he was angry with them when Allah admonished him (for his oath that he would not approach Maria). When twenty-nine days had passed, the Prophet went to Aisha first of all. She said to him, 'You took an oath that you would not come to us for one month, and today only twenty-nine days have passed, as I have been counting them day by day.' The Prophet said, 'The month is also of twenty-nine days.' That month consisted of twenty-nine days. 'Aisha said, 'When the Divine revelation of Choice was revealed, the Prophet started with me, saying to me, 'I am telling you something, but you needn't hurry to give the reply till you can consult your parents." 'Aisha knew that her parents would not advise her to part with the Prophet. The Prophet said that Allah had said:--

'O Prophet! Say To your wives; If you desire The life of this world And its glitter, ... then come! I will make a provision for you and set you free In a handsome manner. But if you seek Allah And His Apostle, and The Home of the Hereafter, then Verily, Allah has prepared For the good-doers amongst you A great reward.' (33.28) 'Aisha said, 'Am I to consult my parents about this? I indeed prefer Allah, His Apostle, and the Home of the Hereafter.' After that the Prophet gave the choice to his other wives and they also gave the same reply as 'Aisha did."]



Above descriptions of Prophet Muhammad’s life style and deeds were collected from the Holy Qur’an, Ahadiths, Al-sira, and other Islamic documents (books and history) recorded by the famous Islamic scholars. Evidences in this article were plenty but not exhaustive of the long list that had been established by the prophet of Islam during his 23 years of adventurous Prophetic life in the Arab desert. His ridiculous behaviors and his Allah’s ludicrous assistance to his self-serving purposes have no limits, and could be accommodated into several big volumes of books. Nevertheless, I have cited in this article more than enough to judge any human being to explore the very character quite adequately.

If this world starts to imitate/follow the footprints of the Prophet of Allah and do the job exactly like Prophet did in (steps A to F described in this article) how good will it look for the world? What are the minimum standards of universal golden rules, or at least UN Chartered for international humanity, and how could these be compared with the code of principles that was set by the most compassionate prophet of Allah? 

As we have read at the beginning of this article—Allah has asserted that the Prophet has been sent as the mercy for all creatures and Allah also asked (all Muslims) emphatically to imitate every footstep of Prophet; should not all human being of this planet earth follow him in toto? Muslims are repeatedly told (By Allah) that Prophet Muhammad is the “ideal” person and all Muslim should pattern their lives using his life as a blueprint. Muslims are required to accept and adhere to all of "the Islamic Codes of Life" that were set by the last Prophet Muhammad. As Allah told in the Quran: “O you who believe! Answer Allah (by obeying Him) and His messenger when he calls you to that which will give you life (8:24)”; should all modern humans, especially all Muslims emulate his footprints? I am certain about one thing that is if all Muslim men would imitate the Prophet’s footstep (to quench the organic thirst), there would be scarcity of marriageable Muslim women in the entire world. Sometimes I wonder - Why the so called perfect person in the entire Ashraf-ul-Moklukat (Best amongst all creatures) had to set up such horrendously bad example! What is the difference between Prophet Muhammad and Hitler, Genghis Khan, Halaku Khan, or any other warlords? Is that why, Muslims are required to write/utter the phrase “peace be upon him every time they write or utter Prophet’s name, perhaps in order to save him from hell fire?

If all the Muslims in the present-day world follow Muhammad's inglorious example, seduce theirs daughter-in-law, and then cause a divorce and then to add insult to the injury marry her, what would happen then? Just think the consequences, if any man or any famous leader does today what Prophet Mohammad did with Zainab, with Maria the Coptic slave girl, Ayesha the child bride etc. etc.; he would be looked up as a lascivious lowly character and  will be immediately arrested and put into jail. Not even all the Qur'anic Ayats, all the Islamic books (kowtowing Prophet Muhammad) of this world will be able to change that.

Sadly, even these above described dirty deeds of Prophet Muhammad hardly can change the mind-sets of millions of devout Muslims throughout the world. Of course, this is a very strange world indeed! Especially when the subject of religion comes, humans behave very strangely. Go discuss religion Islam and it’s Prophet with even highly educated humans; discuss about these horrendously ugly characters of Islamic Prophet; you will be amazed to find that these otherwise sane humans will even fail to recognize abnormal characters of Prophet Muhammad. The same human who usually talks so wisely and logically (in other affairs) will argue with you like a robot or zombie. This is simply because of their impractical belief system in certain unseen/unproven divinity as well as their illogical fear about after life’s hell fire or unlimited lustful Islamic heaven—they will behave quite abnormally. Blind religious belief system can make people utterly illogical, immoral, unethical, and most of all impractical. In this arena of religious stupidity, Muslims are the champion of all in this mortal world.

The most Muslim elites or so called moderate Muslims will argue that “Islam is a religion of peace”! And same people will try to believe that Prophet Muhammad was a perfect human being whom all Muslims should emulate and Islamic God “Allah” is really merciful, compassionate, omnipotent and omniscient!

Faith does make people a zombie and these zombies (believers) see the errors but reluctant to admit the errors; so desperately attempt to justify only when it is anything of Islam. Because blind faith is like a dangerous narcotic which snatches people’s rationality, sense and norms and keeps sane people in the darkness of their religious dungeon. Islam is one such darkest dungeon of all. The biggest problem is the wishful ignorance about their own faith which they cherish so much. All most 95% Muslims do not know their own religion well. They simply opt to believea bunch of lies deliberately spewed by hypocritical Mullahs.   

Humanity is just one family and no human should hate another because of their beliefs in different Gods. God should never teach hatreds between humans, but Islam does teach hatreds towards other religions. Allah and Prophet of Islam taught Muslims (Quran and ahadiths) to hate and kill kaffirs/ infidels randomly.  Big question is—should all Muslims today emulate Prophet Muhammad’s footsteps?

A divine deity should never ask His creature to fight and to kill. Rather divine deity will ask His creature to love everybody. Our faith should be on the super power (if there is any?) who would love the pious and sinners alike, never curse any creature, never roast the sinners in the hell fire (ridiculously) and do love every creatures of the earth all the time. Does this make any sense to the readers?



1. The Holy Qur’an, Translated by A. Yousuf Ali, Published by Amana Corporation,  Brentwood, Maryland, 1983

2. Buchari Sharif, Bengali Translation by Maulana Muhammad Mustafizur Rahman,  Sulemani Printers and Publishers, Dhaka, Second edition-1999

      3. Holy Qur’an, Bengali translation by Maulana Muhiuddin khan, Khademu Harmain Sharifain, Saudi Arabia, Madina Mannwara, 1413 Hijri.

4.       Annals of al-Tabari 3:173

      5. Ansab al-ashraf-1:407

      6. Tabaqat Ibn Sa’d 8:50

      7. Al-Sira al-nabawiyya 4:296ff.

      8.  Al-Nasai Khail 2

      9.  A-Tirmidsi, Janna

     10. Muslim, Radha,59

     11. The life of Muhammad By: M. H. Haykal, 8th ed. 1982

     12.  ibid 4:43

     13.  Nisa' al-Nabi, 13th ed.

     14. 'Life of Mahomet' by Sir William Muir (absolutely based on authentic Islamic sources); Vol. IV Ch.26 pp. 160-163.

Syed Kamran Mirza can be contacted at

Hit Counter